Le Patriarche JOSEPH ESTEPHAN au cardinal de BERN1S ambassadeur de France
LE DAUPHIN A L’
NOTE SUR LES DEMANDES DE L’ENVOY
قراءة في تاريخ القضية الفلسطينية منذ وعد بلفور الى اليوم وديع الخازن النهـار 14 تشرين ثاني – نوفمبر 2001 فيما ينشغل العالم بمتابعة يوميات الحرب…
The Litani river of Lebanon and the desire of Israel to obtain additional water sources.
Author: Wadih El Khazen.
More forcefully than ever, it has become evident that the next casus belli in the Middle East will be control and use of water. Security of water supply is becoming at least as important as territorial security. Thus resolution of water-related issues is essential for the success of the Arab-Israeli peace process which is now at an ,almost, complete halt. Many Israeli policymakers view the water supply from the Litani River as a promising solution to their country’s impending water crisis. However, the Litani River, whose entire basin is in Lebanon , is crucial for rebuilding and effectively integrating the country in the post-civil-war period. Specifically, the waters of the Litani are essential for agricultural and industrial development of southern Lebanon. This competition for water, a prized resource in a water-scarce region, makes the Litani river a potential source of serious international conflict in the future and complicates the resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
The conceptual premise of the analysis presented here is that The Sate Of Israel, suffering from water resources scarcities, will try to reach those waters beyond its borders using all sorts of pressures including coercive actions involving the military.
This article examines the hydropolitics of the Middle East, through a case study of the Litani River of Lebanon. The main thesis is that has been a primary influence on geostrategic interactions of Israel and its Arab neighbors. Israeli efforts to utilize the waters of the Litani help explain the continued tension in southern Lebanon. The apparent intention of Israel to retain access to the river makes it difficult for Lebanon, at this stage, to regain political stability and economic viability
Welcome to the Khazen.org web site, an online site dedicated to the De Khazen family, a family associated with the history of Lebanon, Kiserwan and the…
BEIRUT (AFP) – Visiting US congressman Ray LaHood said that the United States was opposed to amending the Lebanese constitution to allow President Emile LaHood to renew his term in office.
One of the most poignant moments to occur in the U.S.-led global War on Terror occurred when National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice passed a note to President George W. Bush during the recent NATO conference in Turkey.
Her message informed him that Iraq was once again a sovereign nation. He smiled and instinctively wrote, “let freedom reign,” and passed it back. Those three words say a lot about the man and the country he leads.
Two hundred and twenty-eight years ago, a committee of five patriots, headed by a farmer from Virginia, prepared the final draft of a radical document. On the morning of July 4, they presented the results of their work to the body that had set them to the task: the Second Continental Congress.
The larger group made just 86 changes in Thomas Jefferson’s (search) “fair draft” and then, pledging “to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor,” all 56 members signed their names to this Declaration of Independence (search). In so doing, they created something that was then unique on the planet earth: a country based on the concepts of individual liberty, private property and democratic government. Since then, the people of this nation have taken great risks to offer others the hope of that same freedom.
The ancient Chinese warrior Sun Tzu (search) taught his men to “know your enemy” before going into battle. For if “you know your enemy and know yourself,” he wrote, “you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.”
But, Sun Tzu warned, “If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.”
In my 22 years as an officer of the Marines
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